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» Journal Issues » 2017 » Journal Ukrainian Language №2 (62) 2017 » THE INFLECTIONAL CLASSES OF VERBS IN MODERN UKRAINIAN


Journal Ukrainian Language №2 (62) 2017
UDC (Українська) 811.161.+81’443

Iuliia Romaniuk
PhD in Philology, Researcher of the Department of Lexicology, Lexicography and Structural and Mathematical Linguistics, Institute of the Ukrainian Language of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
4 Hrushevskyi St., Kyiv 01001, Ukraine
Е-mail: ju.romaniuk@gmail.com

Heading: Researches
Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The model of Ukrainian verb inflection given in the Grammatical Dictionary of Ukrainian Language found that the speakers most active create the new verbs by using rules of verbs inflection represented by inherent inflectional class, although it is one of the most productive, but not the most numerous. This form of thematic suffix -ува-/-юва- in which at inflection -ва- falls and the emphasis moves from the last vowel of infinitive form on another forms the present time and imperative (снікерсувати, спікерувати). Quite a few new verbs with thematic suffix -и- that are more or less evenly distributed in the appropriate inflectional classes (гуслити, сухотити) with the number of respectively 291 and 108 verbs, proper environment to the core. This way, the Ukrainian verb inflection is modeled in the Dictionary plays an important role as a filter for malignancies, and analogy affect on the inflection of words with common characteristics of form.

As for the verbal inflection, we emphasize the stability of its core that covers 75 percent of the total mass of verbs (12 paradigmatic classes with 280 of the largest class higher than 350 units). Stability is expressed in steady, regular way of the verb inflection. These inflectional classes bring action in the inflectional system of Ukrainian semiotic advantages, namely a small number (three) covers 18,111 verbs with 35331, inserted in the register of the dictionary, or 51.2% of its verbs registry. Stability of the core confirm a new verbs, mostly formed by samples of the most productive inflectional classes. Productivity (high, medium, low) and unproductive detected on the array 35 thousand. The proposed model proven explanatory and heuristic (prognostigating) force. Its use has confirmed the presence of the contemporary Ukrainian inflection resource that can meet the new cognitive and communicative needs speakers. However, testing model in the array of new verbs proven stability of inflectional verb classes and their distribution between the core and periphery of the system of verbal inflections. Its structure is stable and yet flexible, suitable for adapting new words. This demonstrates inflectional classes of core and its environment, actively replenished with new verbs, peripherals remains intact and inactive.

Keywords: grammar, morphology, inflection, verb, inflectional class.


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