Doctor of Science, Professor, Leading Researcher of the Department of culture of language, stylistics and sociolinguistics, Institute of the Ukrainian Language of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
4 Hrushevskyi st., Kyiv 01001, Ukraine
Е- mail: email@example.com
Abstract: The article deals with the main parameters of the study of the language situation in multiethnic country in particular quantitative, qualitative and evaluative (axiological), and the scheme of a comprehensive description of the linguistic situation in modern Ukraine is proposed, based on the data of sociology and linguistics. An essential component of this description should use the most recent population census data, for the preparation of which linguists should be attracted. Census data give an idea of the national population and the language of the country in general, in some of its regions and settlements as compared with prior censuses – and dynamics of the language situation and the reasons for the current state. The description of the quantitative parameters of the linguistic situation in Ukraine should be too detailed, in particular detailing of the quantitative parameters is relevant analysis of the communicative power each language in the field of education (Coverage of various levels and profiles), professional activities and science, information etc. Analysis of statistics related to the functional load of languages, acquired from the various sources should be verified by direct observation with the help of the real use of these languages – in teaching, professional linguistic activities, book publishing, mass media and others. Materials of special sociological surveys such as presented in the article give an opportunity to analyze the axiological parameters of the linguistic situation in quantitative survey and evaluate their correlation with social characteristics of informants and conducting several surveys using a similar technique is to trace their dynamics. Generalization of the data not only enables an objective description of the language situation, but will also support the development of specific recommendations on the implementation of the state language policy.
Keywords: linguistic situation, quantitative parameters, axiological parameters, population census, communicative sphere, functional load of languages.