Svitlana Bybyk, Doctor of Philology, Leading researcher of the Department of Stylistics, Culture of the Language and Sociolinguistics,
Institute of the Ukrainian Language of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
4 Hrushevskyi St., Kyiv 01001, Ukraine
Abstract: The article analyzes the contribution of academic works of Academician L.A. Bulakhovsky in the development of linguistic stylistics. The article presents the review of research in the field of language history, the theory of literature (poetics), general linguistics, modern Ukrainian literary language, and the Russian literary language of the first half of the nineteenth century, which represent the formation of theoretical and practical principles of linguistic style and its directions (structural stylistics, stylistics of artistic language, poetics, sociological stylistics, historical stylistics).
The importance of worked out criteria of literary language development according to the stylistic level of language was noted; differentiation of styles; Classification of vocabulary and phraseology from a stylistic point of view, studies of stylistic syntax as an object of history of language and stylistics; the distinction between the individual linguistic style and social style, the experience in the study of the language of the work of art in diachrony and synchrony. It was emphasized that the researcher constantly emphasized that the subject of linguistic stylistics is the semantic and emotional value of the work.
Through the whole theory of style, which she could have been in the first decades of the twentieth century, Leonid Arsenijovich also conducted a constant choice and layout of linguistic means of expressiveness. He advocated the idea of the psychological basis of creativity of the writer, the psychological color of the plan, the psychological depth of the whole of each author.
On the territory of Kyiv, he initiated the creation of a fundamental work “The Course of Modern Ukrainian Literary Language” (1951).
Studies of the same language of Ukrainian classical writers (T. Shevchenko, M. Rylsky, etc.) gave grounds to consider the scientist as the creator of the linguistic school of the history of literary language and linguistic stylistics in Ukraine.
Keywords: L.A. Bulakhovsky, linguistic style, artistic language, stylistic means of speech, rhythm melodic, intimization, poetic, vulgarism.