Candidate of linguistic sciences, associate professor,
National University of “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”
2 Skovorody St., Kyiv 04655, Ukraine
Abstract: the typology of principal predicative part of the sentence is based on their morphological nature and methods of expression of their modaltense meaning. The types of predicates and principal predicative parts of the sentence with methods of their expression regardless of their stylish usage are mainly investigated in modern Ukrainian linguistics. Typology of principal predicative parts of the sentence and specific of their usage in formal language texts, which syntax is special with passive constructions, is, in particular, out of eyeshot of modern researchers.
Structure and semantic specific of two, threeand quaternary of compound principal predicative parts of the sentence and features of performance of passive constructions with an analytical principal predicative part of the sentence in modern documents are described on material of manuals and reference books on the formal language, dated by the first decades of the ХХІ century.
Double-component principal predicative parts of the sentence with passive participle or predicative form on -но attached to a link verb are mainly widespread in the modern formal language. Passive constructions with these compound principal predicative parts of the sentence are used in different types of documents, concentrated on completion of action and its result, thus choice of any type of passive constructions depends on specialists’ own tastes. Passive constructions with other analytical principal predicative parts of the sentence of the complex verbal type are used mainly in organizational documents and contractual activity documents, and are predefined by semantics of these predicates — possibility/ impossibility, obligatoryness / optionalness, duty. Synonymity of analytical principal predicative parts of the sentence with an identical modal component is proved by parallel usage of passive constructions in the modern standards of documents, and, in particular, in the text of the same document. Passive constructions with compound principal predicative part of the sentence are not popular in the modern formal language and are not characteristic for its syntax.
A research prospect consists in the exposure of semantic specific and means of expression of compound principal predicative part of the sentence in passive constructions in other functional styles and their substyles for finding out the productivity / unproductivity of these means in the modern Ukrainian on the whole and formal language in particular.
Keywords: formal language, passive construction, compound principal predicative part of the sentence, forms on -но, -то, passive participles on -ний, -тий, passive verbs on -ся, verbal copula, modal component, component attached to a link verb.