Sources of accentuation dynamics research in the Ukrainian Dialects10.15407/ukrmova2017.01.055
Journal Ukrainian Language №1 (61) 2017
PhD in Philology, Senior researcher of the Department of Dialectology, Institute of the Ukrainian Language of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
4 Hrushevskyi St., Kyiv 01001, Ukraine
Abstract: The paper concentrates on the works that can serve as a source base to clarify the dynamics of dialectal accentual system. It is noted that not all written monuments can be used to study the dynamic processes of Ukrainian accentual system because the accent places weren’t systematically marked in the Ukrainian written monuments till the XVI century; at the same time the reflection of linguistic phenomena in general and accentuation in particular may depend on the linguistic experience of the authors and their orientation on certain patterns and on the historical development of the people, the situation due to the political and economic conditions. It is established that at the beginning of the 20th century Eastern and Western versions of literary language continued to function.
At the accent level the “Grammar of Ukrainian (Ruthenian) language” by S. Smal-Stotskyi and T. Gartner (Vienna, 1914) and the anthology “Home” edited by P. Kulish (Petersburg, 1860) played an important role in the codification of the Ukrainian language. The format of the article does not allow to present a systematic analysis, that’s why the brightest accent characteristics revealed in these works were determined and compared with the accent system of dialectal environment. The prerequisite for this comparative study was the analysis of dialectal speech on the accent level. It was found that even a cursory review of accentuation presented in the “Grammar of Ukrainian (Ruthenian) language” by S. Smal-Stotskyi and F. Gartner and the anthology “Home” edited by P. Kulish shows a clear orientation of authors on the linguistic environment: in the grammar – south-western, in the anthology – south-eastern. Accent features revealed in these sources are inherent to modern Ukrainian dialects. The results of research indicate that despite the purpose of analyzed works to codify Ukrainian language every written monument reflects dialectal accentuation.
Keywords: accent, paroxytone, dialect, dialectal environment.
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