Doctor of Philological Sciences, Senior Researcher of the Department of Stylistics, Language Culture and Sociolinguistics, Institute of the Ukrainian Language of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
4 Hrushevskyi St., Kyiv 01001, Ukraine
Abstract: The article analyzes the principles of the formation of the literary norm in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. in connection with the then factors of social and political life. The criteria of unification of the literary standard are determined, the theoretical problems and practical recommendations of the participants of the language discussion on the pages of the press are covered. Considerable attention is paid to the creation of prescriptive works, in particular the various types of grammar – the first codification codes of modern literary language.
The creation of a single literary standard became the basis for the consolidation of historically formed Eastern Ukrainian and Western-language versions of the literary language and was a prerequisite for the consolidation of the Ukrainian-speaking space.
The first theoretical considerations about the principles of the formation of the literary language were made public in the format of the linguistic discussion, which took place on the pages of the press.
As a model of literary language, linguists considered primarily the language of folk, not clogged with book and other language elements, preserved in folklore. The works of Taras Shevchenko and Panteleymon Kulish were most appreciated at that time.
The main methods of all grammatical codes were descriptive, comparative-historical and comparative, which were implemented in fixing the normative-stylistic characteristics of language, the classification and systematics of linguistic material, historical, dialectal analysis and a clear differentiation of two languages – Ukrainian and Russian.
Keywords: literary language, literary norm, codification, folk-speaking language, book tradition.